Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the second most common type of infection in the body. There are two types: upper and lower UTIs. Upper UTIs are more serious, because the higher the infection is in the body, the more serious the complications could be. For example, upper UTIs can affect the kidneys, which is a vital organ, and also cause other symptoms such as nausea and fever.
Symptoms for upper and lower UTIs include pain or burning when you urinate, cloudy or reddish urine, fever, tiredness or shakiness, an urge to urinate often, pressure in your lower belly, urine that smells bad, and pain in your back or side below the ribs
UTIs can affect people of any age or gender, although they are less common in children, but more common in women. Women are four times as likely to develop UTIs as men. It is important to note that there are preventative measures that can be taken for UTIs. If you are a woman, wiping from front to back after bowel movements can help the spread of bacteria. Particularly after sexual intercourse, it is good to empty the bladder completely. It is also crucial to drink plenty of fluids throughout the day.
UTIs can be treated with antibiotics, with varying dosage and duration of treatment depending on the patient’s condition. For a typical healthy adult with no other complications, three days of antibiotics for a lower UTI, and 10 to 14 days for upper UTI, is usually sufficient. If symptoms do not improve after this, it is important to speak to your doctor again right away.
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